# Future Value: Definition, Formula, How to Calculate, Example, and Uses

For example, assume a \$1,000 investment is held for five years in a savings account with 10% simple interest paid annually. In this case, the FV of the \$1,000 initial investment is \$1,000 × [1 + (0.10 x 5)], or \$1,500. To understand the core concept, however, simple and compound interest rates are the most straightforward examples of the future value calculation. The companies present value of a single amount offering structured settlements have far more actuarial information than the payee does. Typically an annuity owner can help offset some of the assymetrical information advantage by shopping a number of players against each other to get a more competitive discount rate. It is important to do this early in the process, as it usually takes months to receive payment.

Plots are automatically generated to help you visualize the effect that different interest rates, interest periods or future values could have on your result. For a lump sum investment that will pay a certain amount in the future, define the future value . For an annuity spread out over a number of years, specify the periodic payment . To get your answer, you need to calculate the present value of the amount you will receive in the future (\$11,000). For this, you need to know the interest rate that would apply if you invested that money today, let’s assume it’s 7%.

## How to Calculate Present Value (Step-by-Step)

Starting off, the cash flow in Year 1 is \$1,000, and the growth rate assumptions are shown below, along with the forecasted amounts. Moreover, the size of the discount applied is contingent on the opportunity cost of capital (i.e. comparison to other investments with similar risk/return profiles). The premise of the present value theory is based on the “time value of money”, which states that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar received in the future. The Present Value of Lump Sum Calculator helps you calculate the present value of lump sum based on a fixed interest rate per period. This Present & Future Value Calculator takes into account factors such as the initial investment amount, interest rate, and the number of years for which the investment will be held. The user-friendly calculator provides accurate results, allowing users to make informed financial decisions based on their investment goals and objectives.

Let’s say you just graduated from college and you’re going to work for a few years, but your dream is to own your own business. You have some money now, but you don’t know how much, if any, you will be able to save before you buy your business in five years. Inflation Rate – The rate at which the general level of prices for services and goods is rising, and, subsequently, purchasing power is falling. Since the future can never be known there is always an element of uncertainty to the calculation despite the the scientific accuracy of the calculation itself. Present value can also be used to give you a rough idea of the amount of money needed at the start of retirement to fund your spending needs.

## What is the present value of a single amount?

When calculating future value of an annuity, understand the timing of when payments are made as this will impact your calculation. If payments are made at the beginning of a period, it is an annuity due. A company or investor may know what they have today, and they may be able to input some assumptions about what will happen in the future. By combining this information, people can plan for the future as they understand their financial position. For example, a homebuyer attempting to save \$100,000 for a down payment can calculate how long it will take to reach this savings by using future value. You can contribute to these earnings either in a lump sum payment or a series of periodic payments.